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raWar - bunker - a temporary war refuge
16th edition

One might believe that wars were born with man, as being aware of himself and his power.
They could simply be called a struggle, but someone gave them this force in the very weight of the word and baptized them as War.
And since then it has been joined by crowds against the wills of others, and history has been made with titles that immortalized those who survived it. Women without husbands, children without parents, parents without children.
War is a law of itself against which we must defend ourselves.
To respond to war is to fight it.
It’s to be war too.

War: the most powerful weapon that man invented to gain strength by the power to destroy.
Wars are cold, they are black, they are first and second, they have 100 or 200 years, they win names of heroes or cities, social or civil, raw wars, but they will never cease to be wars.
Win or lost wars that leave fallen marks on what was once standing.


Theme: bunker - a temporary war refuge
Objective: design a bunker
In a war scenario it is necessary to protect women and children.
Draw a temporary refuge that can be reproduce several times in diferents
points of the city that is under attack.
In this way many inocent lives can be saved by the furies of the cruel wars.
A war is never desirable, but they exist and many innocents die.
Our mission is to try to minimize the side effects, protect those who did not
ask for the war but who really live it.
- Localization: A city chosen by you.
- Number of people per bunker: 100
- Big hall
- Dorm rooms
- Refectory
- Sanitary facilities
- Ventilation
- Others - you may propose other spaces that are not considered in the present
Areas: not defined
The panel must have a descriptive text of the proposal (English), concept, idea, etc.
Scale – Appropriate to the submitted elements.


1st Place

Team: Adela Rodríguez, Pablo López, Andrea Fernández, Eva Gil

City: Madrid

Country: Spain

2nd Place

Team: Patricia Uslé Serra

City: Madrid

Country: Spain

3rd Place

Team: Arnaud Charoy, Ferdinand Klopfer, Moritz Gnädinger, Justus Ullmann

City: Aachen

Country: Germany

Honorable Mentions
Honorable Mentions

Team: Ujjayant Bhattacharyya, Priyanka Mukherjee, Shrabantika Roy

City: Cuttack

Country: India

Team: Filip Kabelis

City: Poznan

Country: Poland

Team: Rodrigo Silva, Carlos Oliveira

City: Londrina

Country: Brazil

Team: Sung Lim

City: London

Country: United Kingdom

Team: Patrycja Galkiewicz, Karolina Duda, Anna Otlik

City: Wrocław

Country: Poland

Team: Ioulios Georgiou

City: Berlin

Country: Germany

Team: Alejandro Caraballo Llorente, Carlos Rebolo Maderuelo

City: Madrid

Country: Spain

Competition summary

1st place – ID0001080 - Team: Adela Rodríguez, Pablo López, Andrea Fernández, Eva Gil; City: Madrid; Country: Sapin


“The authors combined historical precedent and planning on an urban scale to envision a truly applicable and city-wide concept of a distributed network that makes use of existing infrastructure, applies architectural thinking to mobile structures, reuses decommissioned assets, and can easily be repeated and deployed in various cities with existing subway systems around the world. ” Alexander Walter, arq.

“The project shows a different poinf of view: It’s very interesting the use of the tunnel and trains. The graphic design offers a complete panel and the black background helps to explain the idea.” Rafael González del Castillo Sancho, arq.

“The second function of the subway as shelter is setting at the design stage, all infrastructure, necessary for survival in harsh conditions is planning. The proposed project will improve quality of life in the underground space and breathe a new life into old train's park. Trains like modular mini-hotels will allow to provide a comfortable environment wherever necessary. Because of modularity this system can scale, and due to the mobility it's allow to be where people are desperate need in it.” Maria Malitskaya, arq.

“Excellent proposal that takes advantage of the infrastructure of the metro network. The apparent simplicity of the solution contrasts the density of the detail and the rigor of the response.” Andreia Garcia, arq.

“At first, the presentation seemed a bit complex because of the dark background, but the concept is simple, clear, well thought out and well-illustrated. The background is actually very representative of the dark circumstances of a war and the reality of the lack of natural light in the tunnels. It answers all of the requisites in the competition program, and presents a quite feasible solution, as it takes full advantage of already existing infrastructures.” Rui Pinto Gonçalves, arq.



2nd Place – ID000540 - Team: Patricia Uslé Serra; City: Madrid; Country: Spain


“Highly conceptual in its approach, the entry refuses to surrender to the terrors of war and being forced into an existence underground away from daylight -- a central, great oculus remains open to the sky and symbolizes the dreams and hopes of continued peaceful life on the surface. ” Alexander Walter, arq.

“This proposal, that gets into the ground as many others, offers a different round-shaped with a spetial highlight. More than 50% of the panel is brown without information so that enphazised the idea of being underground. With a little text the idea can be explained.” Rafael González del Castillo Sancho, arq.

“This architecture decision is similar to the underground Roman Pantheon, it’s ready to take under its arches all eager to rescue. Daylight and a large common space that unites people, helps to overcome the difficult period and not feel isolated.” Maria Malitskaya, arq.

“The proposal stands out for the beauty of the language of the representation. The whole solution is developed taking advantage of the meeting room and the program is developed in a beautiful gesture that involves the hall as an integrated whole.”

Andreia Garcia, arq.

“This panel has the capacity of clearly and succinctly present an idea that focuses on the wellbeing of the people running from the destruction on the outside, and especially on the wellbeing of the children – a central, wide open space is created, a naturally lit and ventilated space. The other program requisites are also considered, even though not very developed. The view upward is a powerful image of hope in dire circumstances.” Rui Pinto Gonçalves, arq.



3rd PLace – ID000560 - Team: Arnaud Charoy, Ferdinand Klopfer, Moritz Gnädinger, Justus Ullmann; City: Aachen; Country: Germany


“The submission combines existing infrastructural facilities, such as parks, ponds, and metro tunnels, with added bunker clusters that form a distributed network across the city, easily accessible for all its citizens. The design of the bunker and its access points keeps them out of sight during peacetime and allows for rapid deployment during times of crisis and war. ” Alexander Walter, arq.

“Amazing. The idea of a subterranean building that seems to be a industry got my attention. Also the entrance it’s not visible from the air that helps to not be seen from the sky. The design uses catching colours and the use of schematic drawings helps to understand the idea.” Rafael González del Castillo Sancho, arq.

“Thoughtful and detailed proposal, in the section resembling communicating vessels, unites all life functions in a single network. The project is woven seamlessly into the existing urban infrastructure.” Maria Malitskaya, arq.

“This proposal stands out by the rigor of the solution presented for each of the points of the program of the contest.” Andreia Garcia, arq.

“This is the most complex of the three winning proposals and is well represented in architectural terms. It is appropriate for the city in which it is implemented – each bunker is accessible from above ground, through the clever pool draining system in emergency situations, remaining hidden and visually pleasant in its river bed park surroundings in peacetime. It uses the metro system for connecting all bunkers, and as alternative access to people and supplies from any point in the city during wartime.” Rui Pinto Gonçalves, arq.



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